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PUBLICATIONS OF THE PROJECT "PROTECTING MEMORY"

During the German occupation in 1941-1944 on the territory of present-day Ukraine more than 1 million Jews and 12.000 Romani people were killed in mass shootings. They were buried in numerous mass graves.

The “Protecting Memory” international project aims to regulate forgotten and neglected mass graves of murdered Jews and Romani, to create next to these places sites of memory and information about them in order to preserve memory about the victims for presence and for the future.

There are more than 2.000 places of the mass shootings on the territory of modern Ukraine. In remote ravines, forests, fields, former anti-tank trenches and sand quarries Wehrmacht squads, SS and police often with an involvement of local population exterminated whole communities. Victims frequently were forced to undress and to dig pits by themselves. Men were killed first, after them women and children

After the war many of these places of murder were forsaken. For a few, who managed to survive, honoring the memory of killed family members, friends and acquaintances was possible exclusively in small inner circles. Official Soviet historiography rejected to recognize Jews and Romani as a separate group of victims of the Second World War. When survivors who came back to their towns erected small memorial obelisks, they had to be dedicated to “peaceful Soviet citizens”.

“Protecting memory” project combines attempts of architectural protection and respectable arrangement of the mass graves with historical and pedagogical work. The project complexity can be seen in the following principles and directions of conducting activities:

– Accurate location and borders of the mass graves in the places of the project are determined by noninvasive methods;

– Mass graves and adjacent areas are given administrative protection which means assigning of the territories to the communal ownership. After arrangement of such areas they should be made to the State Register of Immovable Monuments of Ukraine in the category of local significance. Therefore, they would become a subject to the state protection.

– Mass graves are protected by architectural constructions and are arranged as dignified sites of memory and information. Existing memorial signs are preserved and they keep getting integrated into new sites of memory.

– Location of the mass graves, the number of the victims, the fates of some of them and survivors, the course of the crime and information about perpetrators are defined by the use of historical studies. The results of the historical works are used in education program with local schools and students.

In the frames of the “Protecting Memory” project monuments and informational steles were constructed in 14 localities in various regions (oblast) of Ukraine, where in the years of the German occupation in 1941-1944 Jews were murdered and in three localities in Zhytomyr region (Kalynivka village, Olevsk district (raion); Divoshyn village, Ovruch district (raion); Ivanopil town, Chudniv district (raion), where Romani people were also killed

Further information about the project one can find on the web-site: https://www.erinnerungbewahren.de/uk/

  • Memorial site to the Roma murdered in Divoshyn.

    Svetlana Burmistr, Mikhail Tyagly. Memorial site to the Roma murdered in Divoshyn. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    The publication provides historical information on the death of a Roma group in Devoshin village of Ovruch district, Zhytomyr region. During the World War II the Roma were one of the victim groups of the German occupation in Ukraine, they were persecuted and destroyed and their fate has been forgotten for many decades. In 2019, as part of the international “Protecting Memory” project, this killing site was transformed into dignified memorial and place of information. The publication is aimed at historians, teachers, students, and anyone interested in history of Ukraine, World War II, and Ukraine's ethnic minorities.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Memorial Site for the Victims of the German Occupation in Ivanopil

    Svitlana Burmistr.Memorial Site for the Victims of the German Occupation in Ivanopil. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication honors the memory of murdered Jews and Roma, who were the victims of National Socialist Germany’s racial policies in Іvanopil (until 1946 – Yanushpil), а town in the Chudniv district of Zhytomyr oblast. In 2019, as part of the international project “Protecting Memory”. An information stele was erected near the mass grave of Roma who were murdered and whose fate was forgotten for decades.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Memorial site to the Roma murdered in Kalynivka

    Svetlana Burmistr, Mikhail Tyaglyy.Memorial site to the Roma murdered in Kalynivka. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    The publication provides historical information on the death of a Roma group in Kalynivka village of Olevsk district, Zhytomyr region. During the World War II the Roma were one of the victim groups of the German occupation in Ukraine, they were persecuted and destroyed and their fate has been forgotten for many decades. In 2019, as part of the international “Protecting Memory” project, this killing site was transformed into dignified memorial and place of information. The publication is aimed at historians, teachers, students, and anyone interested in history of Ukraine, World War II, and Ukraine's ethnic minorities.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Kolodianka. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Kolodianka. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian village of Kolodianka during the Holocaust. The village, located in the Novohrad-Volynsky district of the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. The project helped transform this killing site of the Jews into а dignified memorial and рlасе of information. The research is based оn sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections..

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Liubar. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Liubar. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian town of Liubar during the Holocaust. The town, located in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. In 2019, the project helped transform the killing sites of the Jews around Liubar into dignified memorials and places of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Holocaust and Remembrance in Berdychiv.

    Svitlana BurmistrHolocaust and Remembrance in Berdychiv. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019

    This publication tells the story of the life and death of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian town of Berdychiv during the Holocaust. The town, located in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. In 2019, the project helped transform one of the sites where Jews were murdered, close to the village of Khazhyn near Berdychiv, into a dignified memorial and place of information. As part of the project, an exhibition dedicated to the history of Berdychiv’s Jewish community was opened in the centre of Berdychiv. The research for the exhibition is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray BrandonBarashi. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian village of Barashi during the Holocaust. The village, located in the Yemilchyne district of the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project «Protecting Memory». In 2019, the project helped transform this killing site of the Jews into a dignified memorial and place of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • History of the death of the Jews from Chukiv Cam.

    Ray Brandon.History of the death of the Jews from Chukiv Camp. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the exploitation and annihilation story of Jews who during the Second World War were deported from Romanian territories to occupied Ukraine, and later were transported by the German occupants to the forced labor camp in Chukiv village, located in Nemyriv district of the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, where they were used for the construction of a transit road. The mass grave in Chukiv is one of the sites that were transformed into a dignified memorial and a place of information in 2019 in the frame of the international project “Protecting Memory”. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Lypovets. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Lypovets. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian town of Lypovets during the Holocaust. The town, located in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. In 2019, the project helped transform the killing sites of the Jews into dignified memorials and places of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Plyskiv. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Plyskiv. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian village of Plyskiv during the Holocaust. The village, located in the Pohrebyshche district of the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. In 2019, the project helped transform the killing sites of the Jews into dignified memorials and places of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Samhorodok. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Samhorodok. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian village of Samhorodok during the Holocaust. The village, located in the Koziatyn district of the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project «Protecting Memory». In 2019, the project helped transform this killing site of the Jews into a dignified memorial and place of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
  • Vakhnivka. The Life and Death of the Jewish community.

    Ray Brandon.Vakhnivka. The Life and Death of the Jewish community. Kyiv: Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, 2019.

    This publication presents the life and death story of the Jewish community in the Ukrainian village of Vakhnivka during the Holocaust. The village, located in the Lypovets district of the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, is one of the sites of the international project “Protecting Memory”. In 2019, the project helped transform the killing sites of the Jews into dignified memorials and places of information. The research is based on sources from Ukrainian and foreign archives, academic literature and private collections.

    [More in Ukrainian]
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